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Home :: Delirium Tremens

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Delirium Tremens - symptom, Treatment of Delirium Tremens

Delirium Tremens Information

Delirium Tremens is caused by withdrawal from alchohol in cronic alcholism. Changes in the state of consciousness, agiation and tremor are some of the symptoms which progress to dangerous chnages in heart rate and blood pressure. This creates a state of temporary confusion and leads to dangerous changes in the way your brain regulates your circulation and breathing. The body's vital signs such as your heart rate or blood pressure can change dramatically or unpredictably, creating a risk of heart attack, stroke or death. DTs, the most severe manifestation of withdrawal, occurs in 5% of patients with alcohol withdrawal.

Delirium Tremens is life threatening comlication of alcholism. 5-10% of alcholics experience it. The symptoms of delirium tremens usually last 1 to 5 days. However, they can last for as long as 10 days. Prevention of delirium is focused on treating or avoiding its underlying causes. The most preventable forms are those induced by drugs. A risk factor is something that increases your chances of getting a disease or condition. Risk factors for DTs include: History of DTs, Other medical problems in addition to alcohol abuse and Brain damage. Medicines called benzodiazepines can lessen alcohol withdrawal symptoms. Commonly used medicines in this group include diazepam (Valium), chlordiazepoxide (Librium) and lorazepam (Ativan). To prevent having DTs, do not abuse alcohol. If you do drink large amounts on a regular basis, do not suddenly decrease the amount or stop drinking on your own. Rather, get advice from your doctor on the safest way to lower your intake.

What are the symptoms?

Symptoms of the Delirium Tremens include:

  • nightmares (accompanied by the sense of not being able to breathe)
  • anxiety or panic attacks
  • tremors or shakes
  • restlessness and inability to sleep
  • delusions (believing things that are not true)
  • hallucinations (hearing or seeing things that are not there)
  • disturbed behavior
  • confusion and disorientation
  • dizziness
  • rapid heartbeat
  • fever
  • dilated pupils
  • seizures
  • sweating.
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