Gall Bladder - symptom, Treatment of Gall Bladder
Etymology: From Latin Chole=for bile + cystic= holloworgan A small muscular sac for the storage of bile. The gall-bladder is situated on the under surface of the liver. Its outflow is the cystic duct. The cystic duct and the hepatic ducts together form the common bile duct that opens into the duodenum. Bile made by the liver is transported, stored, concentrated, and secreted by the biliary tree.
The healthy gall bladder cannot be felt through the abdominal wall. It distends after a fatty meal. It can be felt on the right side when it is inflamed or distended with gallstones
The gall bladder and biliary tree can be seen by the X-ray technique of cholangiography where a radio-opaque dye is injected and the gall bladder area examined after a fatty meal. It can also be seen on ultrasound. The common bile duct can be cannullated and examined on ERCP.
The gall bladder is a site for gallstones. Cholecystitis-inflammation of the gall bladder-causes severe abdominal pain. The gall bladder and biliary tree fail to develop normally in the birth defect called biliary atresia.
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