Dysmenorrhoea - symptom, Treatment of Dysmenorrhoea
Dysmenorrhoea means painful periods. Dysmenorrhoea is defined as a pain, during menstrual periods, the pain a woman is suffering can be so severe that she is unable to carry on with her normal activities. Dysmenrrhoea which starts in the later years may be related to pelvic infections, fibroids or other gynaecological conditions. Dysmenorrhoea means painful menstruation. In severe cases it is accompanied by vomiting. It is mainly caused by severe anemia. Aggravated dyspepsia, prolonged malaria, or Bright's disease should be treated first, in case they have given rise to scanty and painful discharge. Onset of dysmenorrhoea is common during adolescence, and up to 50% of women of reproductive age may be affected, and 10% incapacitated for up to three days each menstrual cycle. Despite the impact of dysmenorrhoea on daily living, few women seek medical advice, or know which treatments work.
In Dysmenorrhoea pain tends to decrease with age and very often resolves after childbirth. Secondary dysmenorrhoea is menstrual pain caused by another condition, commonly endometriosis . It starts later in life and tends to increase in intensity over time. There are situations to where aggravated Vata causes accumulation of toxins in minute channels, which carry the menstrual blood and blockage of these channels causes Amenorrhea or Dysmenorrhea. There are several herbs, minerals and vitamins which may be of benefit for the management of Dysmenorrhoea.
Symptoms of period pain - Information on Symptoms of Dysmenorrhoea.
- Period pains vary a lot in strength and in position. Some women have a dull dragging pain in the abdomen or lower back or in both areas; others have more severe cramping abdominal pain. In some the pain may be felt in front of the thighs.
- Clots are passed in the menstrual blood.
- Up to 15% of women have period pains severe enough to interfere with their daily activities. This can lead to missing days at school or work or decreased participation in social or sporting activities.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Digestive upsets, such as diarrhoea or constipation.
- Some women may get nausea and vomiting, and in severe cases fainting may occur.
Causes of Dysmenorrhoea
The cause of period pain is not certain. Once an egg has been released from one of the ovaries, natural chemicals produced by the body called prostaglandins are made in the lining of the uterus (womb). Some prostaglandins cause the walls of the uterus to contract. Some women produce higher levels of prostaglandins, which may cause increased contractions of the uterus. These cramps may be more painful because there is reduced blood (and therefore oxygen) supply to the myometrium (muscle wall of the uterus) during the contractions.
Different types of dysmenorrhoeaTwo types of dysmenorrhoea are distinguished, namely:
- primary dysmenorrhoea, and
- secondary dysmenorrhoea.
Treatment of dysmenorrhoea
- Bed rest during the first day or so of the menstrual period.
- Relaxation techniques have been used with some success to alleviate dysmenorrhoea in some young women.
- Heat treatment, such as hot water bottles held across the abdomen.
- Pain-killing drugs, such as paracetamol.
- Drugs that inhibit prostaglandins, such as ibuprofen.
- Regular exercise and attention to overall physical fitness.
- Relaxation techniques.
- The oral combined contraceptive pill, which usually eliminates period pain by suppressing ovulation.