Aortic Valve Disease - Treatment of Aortic Valve Disease
What is Aortic Valve Disease?
Aortic Valve Disease entails damage to, and dysfunction of, the aortic valve, one of the four valves in the heart. Some patients present with severe symptoms, whereas others have few, if any symptoms. Aortic stenosis refers to a tight valve. A leaking aortic valve is variously called insufficiency, incompetence and regurgitation. It occurs in 4 of every 1,000 births. During contraction, the aortic valve opens to allow blood to flow from the left ventricle into the aorta. When the heart relaxes, the aortic valve closes, preventing blood from re-entering the left ventricle. When aortic valve disease is present, the valve no longer opens or closes properly. Patients with significant aortic valve disease should undergo surgery when the important symptoms of dyspnea, angina or syncope with effort first appear.
Causes of Aortic Valve Disease
Aortic valve disease may be congenital or acquired. Aortic valve disease can be congenital, result from infection, occur as a result of rheumatic heart disease.There is a male preponderance of 3:1 in pure AS or AR but if there is also mitral valve disease there is a female preponderance. Over age 65, 2 to 3% of people have some degree of aortic stenosis.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Aortic Valve Disease
There are a number of pathologies that can produce murmurs that are apparently from the aortic valve.
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