Apgar Score - Treatment of Apgar Score
What is Apgar Score?
The Apgar score is determined by evaluating the newborn baby on five simple criteria on a scale from zero to two and summing up the five values thus obtained. The resulting Apgar score ranges from zero to 10. Dr. Apgar was one of Columbia University's first female MDs and one of America's first women to specialize in surgery. Apgar score test was designed to quickly evaluate a newborn's physical condition after delivery and to determine any immediate need for extra medical or emergency care. A perfect Apgar score of 10 means an infant is in the best possible condition. An infant with an Apgar score of 0-3 needs immediate resuscitation. The authors showed that when controlled for confounding factors, general anesthesia was associated with lower Apgar scores at 1 and 5 minutes and with greater requirements for intubation and artificial ventilation.
The score is named for the preeminent American anesthesiologist Virginia Apgar (1909-1974) who invented the scoring method in 1952.
The test is generally done at one and five minutes after birth, and may be repeated later if the score is, and remains, low. Scores below 3 are generally regarded as critically low, with 4 to 7 fairly low and over 7 generally normal.
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