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Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm - Symptoms and Treatment of Aneurysm
The two types of aortic aneurysm are thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) and abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). An aortic aneurysm is a weakened section in the wall of aorta and it is the major blood vessel that feeds blood to whole body and Abdominal aortic aneurysm is an abnormal ballooning of the abdominal portion of the aorta, which is the major artery from the heart. Approximately 15,000 people die of an abdominal aortic aneurysm in the United States every year. If the aneurysm grows too large, your aorta may tear or burst.
Most abdominal aortic aneurysms are found during an examination for another reason. For example, during a routine exam, your doctor may feel a pulsating bulge in your abdomen, though it's unlikely your doctor will be able to hear signs of an aneurysm through a stethoscope. If you have an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), the doctor may feel a pulsating mass in your abdomen. A rapidly growing aneurysm about to rupture can be tender and very painful when pressed. If you are overweight or obese, it may be difficult for your doctor to feel even a large abdominal aneurysm.
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Causes
Abdominal aortic aneurysm can affect anyone, but it is most often seen in men aged 40 to 70. A common complication is rupture. Smoking is one of the most significant factors associated with the development of aortic aneurysms. In addition to the damaging effects of smoking directly to the arteries, smoking contributes to atherosclerosis, high blood pressure, and causes aneurysms to grow faster.
Symptoms of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
Most abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) develop slowly over years and have no signs or symptoms until (or if) they rupture. The most common symptom of a brain aneurysm is a severe headache. Some of the major symptoms are:
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Treatment
It is important to stop the aneurysm from bursting, so treatment and prevention is very important. Surgery is needed for large or fast-growing aneurysms, or when symptoms are present. Typically the damaged portion of the blood vessel is replaced with a man-made graft. Recommendations for surgical treatment of thoracic aortic aneurysms depend on the underlying condition, especially for people with Marfan syndrome, and location of the aneurysm.
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