Emphysema - symptom, Treatment of Emphysema
Emphysema is a form of chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD) in which there is a permamnent destruction of the small airways beyond the bronchioles. As a result, the lung loses its elasticity, leading to poor oxygenation. Cough, breathlessness and reduced effort tolerance are common complaints in Emphysema. A person with emphysema may feel short of breath during exertion and, as the disease progresses, even while at rest. Emphysema is one of several irreversible lung diseases that diminish the ability to exhale. This group of diseases is called chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The person suffering from emphysema must come to terms with the disease, but he or she may not have to give up as much of work, family, relationships or other pleasures of a full life, as is often feared.
Symptoms of Emphysema
Causes of Emphysema
One of the commonest causes of Emphysema is tobacco smoking. Cigarette smoking and Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency are the major cause of emphysema. About 2 out of every 1,000 people have an alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency. People who smoke and have AAT deficiency are almost certain to develop emphysema.
Treatment of Emphysema
The diagnosis is suspected on physical examination, confirmed on x-ray chest and evaluated with lung function tests. Treatment of One of the commonest causes of Emphysema is tobacco smoking. is geared towards improving oxygenation and reducing the strain on the heart. Clear the lungs of excess mucus by lying in special positions that help drainage and stop smoking.
People with inherited emphysema due to alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency can receive alpha 1-proteinase inhibitor (A1PI), which slows lung tissue destruction. Emphysema cannot be cured, but contributing factors can be eliminated and its rate of progression can be slowed if it is detected early and smoking is stopped.
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